Kohat is surrounded by a chain of mountains, holding a beautiful cantonment. It is one of the oldest cantonments of Pakistan and also the old district of Sub-continent. Kohat is described in the old history of Buddhism. This district has boundaries with Aurakazai Agency, district Hangu, district Kurak, district Nowshera and Punjab.
The town centers around a British-era fort, various bazaars, and a military cantonment. Kohat is also known for its Sufi Saints. There are a number of tombs of famous Sufi Saints in the area, like Haji Bahadar Ali Abdullah Shah alias Haji Bahadar Sahib, Shrine of Saint Bona Baba, Janan Baba shrine, Shrine of Peer Ghamkole Sharif and Shrine of Hazrat Banoor Baba.
The District of Kohat has an area of 2973 sq. m. It consists chiefly of a bare and intricate mountain region east of the Indus, deeply scored with river valleys and ravines, but enclosing a few scattered patches of cultivated lowland. Important historical places include Darra, Khushal Garh, Kohat town, Lachi, Shakardarra, Gumbat and Tanda Dam.
Kohat is blessed with many natural resources. The orchards of Kohat Guava are popular in the whole country as it is the major fruit of the area and Kohat is famous for its quality and taste. This fruit gives very high returns to the farmers. Other fruits are apricot, mulberry, citrus etc. Other resources included honey, gypsum, arms and ammunition, kohati chappal and Mazari products.
Cadet College Kohat, a boarding military college is also located in the outskirts of Kohat spread over an area of about 144 acres.