Pre-Feasibilities Studies

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Livestock

Category: Livestock
Sector: Live Stock
Region: Punjab
Investment Size: PKR Between 2-5 Million

The objective of the pre-feasibility study is primarily to facilitate potential entrepreneurs to facilitate investment and provide an overview about dairy and livestock farming. The project pre-feasibility may form the basis of an important investment decision and in order to serve this objective, the document covers various aspects of dairy and livestock concept development, start-up, production, finance and business management. The document also provides sectoral information, brief on government policies and international scenario, which have some bearing on the project itself. This particular pre-feasibility is regarding “Calf Fattening Farm” which comes under “Livestock and Agriculture” sector. Before studying the whole document one must consider following critical aspects, which form the basis of any investment decision.

Category: Livestock
Sector: Live Stock
Region: Punjab
Investment Size: PKR Between 2-5 Million

Livestock is an important component of Pakistan’s population since 30 - 35 million rural population is involved in livestock raising. Average household holdings are 2-3 cattle/ buffalo, 3-4 sheep/goats and 10-12 poultry per family which contribute 35 to 40 percent of their income. Government gives high priority to its development and is focused on private sector led development of livestock. Underpinning the importance of livestock the government instead of maintaining the previous practices of making livestock a part of the National Agriculture Policy has formulated an independent Livestock Development Policy, providing a framework for accelerated development of livestock. This policy not only addresses the need of the small livestock farmers for whom livestock is a supplementary income source but also includes measures to develop small and medium livestock enterprises and an incentive framework for setting up large livestock farms. The Livestock Census 2006 carried out by the Agricultural Census Organization have been released. According to the Census, the share of livestock in agriculture growth has jumped from 25.3 percent in 1996 to 49.6 percent in 2006. The higher growth in the livestock sector was mainly attributed to growth not only in the headcount of livestock, which is commercially important but also in the milk production.

Category: Livestock
Sector: Live Stock
Region: Punjab
Investment Size: PKR Between 2-5 Million

The quail farming is a project of livestock sector, in which, the day old chicks (DOCs) are raised on high protein feed for a period of 28 days. Quail meat is the good source of animal protein available in the country as compared to broiler. The time required for rearing quail birds is lesser than that for large animals as well as broilers. The consumption of white meat is increasing due to growing health consciousness in the masses. Annually, 11 flocks of birds will be reared on the same premises of the farm. Quails are sold to traders and the whole seller markets in the urban areas. Quails meat is also sold directly to the hotels inside the country. This unit will work for the production of quails. These birds are marked for meat purpose to the common masses. The quail chicks will be purchased from private hatchery. A flock of 40,000 commercial broiler chicks will be bought monthly, 10,000 DOCs per week. The chicks will be set in brooding on litter floor providing specific requirement 7 days and then finishing phase from 21 days. The entire specific requirement will be met by temperature control, feeding and drinking system, which will be monitored by the concerned staff. After marketing of broiler at 28th day of age the quail house will be given 3 days for the preparation to receive the new flock. During this week, proper cleaning, washing, white washing, disinfection and fumigation will be performed prior to the arrival of the new flock. During flock rearing, strict measures for bio-security will be observed at the unit. In the last ten years, the little known Japanese quail [Coturnix Japanica] has been introduced to the Pakistan as an alternative avian species in the progressing of poultry industry to mitigate chronic protein deficiency among the Pakistani population. The Japanese quails are now contributing to broiler and layer type commercial quails. An exclusive quail market segment has lately been growing within the poultry meat sector to cater to the quality conscious meat consumers. Now, quail meat is not only regarded as a restaurant delicacy but is also consumed in quantity by the public due to its affordable prices. Approximately, one out of every ten broiler chicken consumers opts for quail. Domesticated quails differ from wild Coturnix Japanica, which are protected under the Wild Life (Protection) Act in Pakistan. The introduction of the Japanese quail has opened a new path and an alternative for poultry farmers. Quail has also been identified worldwide as a laboratory animal because of its salient characteristics that include rapid growth, early sex maturity, short generation interval and prolificacy in egg production.